Principles of Management

Definition of Leadership
Leadership is the process by which individuals can guide, direct and influence other’s behaviors towards the accomplishment of set goals. It is the ability to influence others towards the realization of a goal. A leader plays various roles to induce follower to take their roles with confidence and zeal including developing future visions and motivating to attain the visions. Leadership denotes the number of qualities to be present in an individual. Leadership is situation bound, and there is no best style of leadership (Nahavandi, 2016). There is a difference between the concept of leadership and the concept of management. Managers are fundamentally focused on directing people and allocating resources to accomplish tasks (Grohar et al., 2016). Managers employ strong administrative abilities, given that much of their role involves providing instructions to subordinates and reporting results to superiors. Leaders can be managers.

Personal Skills/Weaknesses

Strengths
As a leader, my greatest strength lies in being Open-minded. I keep my mind open while being flexible. This enables me to adjust when necessary. I am also committed to investing, developing and maintaining great relationships. I consider myself a decisive person. The rapid pace of processes and increasing time pressures necessitates dealing with the speed amidst the complexity. I tend to make sound, justifiable decisions in a timely manner, particularly in times of uncertainty and crisis. I am also inspirational. People say I am self-driven and fueled by my beliefs as well as an internal drive and passion. I am a persistent individual. I believe that persistence beats resistance. Some things take the time to accomplish. To achieve them, there is a need for persistent. As a result, I am always willing to go beyond where others stop. I am also a good communicator. I easily make people aware of my expectations, thoughts, and ideas.

Weakness
I have various weaknesses. The first weakness lies in my tendency to be a perfect. I get things done right. However, this leads to attrition and burnout. As a result, it may diminish potential returns over time. I realize the importance of being more accommodating and accepting of small failures, letting go and delegating, allowing for diversity of action and thought and understanding that good enough is often good enough. The second weakness is that I am Over-optimism about strategies and people. The tendency has negative impacts as I may hang on to lower-performing individuals and strategies for too long. As a leader, there is need to recognize the grace in realism so as to see things accurately as they are versus how they should be.

Description of Leadership Experience
One of the most memorable leadership experiences was a picnic trip in summer 2016. The event took place on the month of August. Throughout the trip to Andover City Park in Kansas, I played the role of a leader. My role was to lead my group of 15 members. As the recreation trip leader, I was responsible for planning, leading, instruction and facilitating activities. Safety, as it pertains to the picnic, the skill level of students, and location that the trip was of main concern. I comfortably managed a diverse group of people during the outdoor setting and made decisions for the good of the group. In addition to leading the group, I assisted patrons with their outdoor adventure equipment needs including training, fitting and educating students about the outdoor adventure kits. I was expected to correctly operate cash and reconciliation procedures and engage students in a supportive and friendly demeanor. As the leader, I felt proud that students recognized my leadership skills.

Leadership Skills Used
Communication

The activity required the leader to use a number of skills. Communication skill was the most commonly used throughout the activity. As a leader, it is necessary to be able to clearly and succinctly express expectations to your followers. As a leader, it is important to master all forms of communication through all available means. A large part of communication involved listening. The first step was to establish a steady flow of information between team members through regular conversations with team members.

Motivation
As a leader, I inspired my team members to go the extra mile for the purpose of achieving our objectives. I motivated my teammates through different ways. These include building their self-esteem and giving them responsibilities to increase their participation in the activity.

Strategic thinking
This was perhaps the most critical skill I utilized. Application of this skills involved having an objective of what was expected and influencing team members to achieve that objective. It could not be possible to achieve objectives without communication, optimism, crisis management and effective solving of conflicts between team members. It is clear that working in a team may prove difficult than working as an individual. This is particularly so when team members have conflicting goals, fail to share information and lose themselves in an unproductive argument. Critical thinking helped create a sense of urgency also contributed to the effectiveness of the team. I was able to propel team members to get busy and carryout the activity at the desired pace.

Summary
Leaders focus on influencing others. Unlike managers, followers follow leaders due to their personality and their beliefs. As a leader, my greatest strength lies in being Open-minded, persistent, commitment to investing, developing and maintaining great relationships. I have various weaknesses including perfectionism and Over-optimism. My leadership experience was a picnic trip in summer 2016. As the recreation trip leader, I was responsible for planning, leading, instruction and facilitating activities. Skills used include Communication, Motivation and critical thinking.

A Comprehensive Guide To Understanding The UGC NET Exam And Getting Certified

Are you considering taking the National Testing Agency (NTA) UGC NET exam? Are you looking for a comprehensive guide to understanding the exam and how to get certified? This blog will look at all aspects of the NTA UGC NET exam, from eligibility requirements to tips on preparing and acing your upcoming test. So read on to learn everything you need to know about taking the UGC NET Exam!

What is the UGC NET Exam?
The UGC NET Exam is a national-level examination conducted by the National Educational Testing Bureau (NETB) of the University Grants Commission (UGC). It is held twice a year to determine the eligibility of Indian nationals for the post of Assistant Professor or Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Lectureship in Indian universities and colleges.

The UGC NET Exam consists of two papers. Paper I is common to all candidates and is designed to test teaching/research aptitude. Paper II tests subject knowledge at an advanced level. Candidates must score at least 50% marks in each paper to be eligible for selection.

The UGC NET Exam is conducted in 84 subjects covering all major disciplines of humanities, social sciences, computer science, environmental sciences, foreign languages, engineering, and technology. The exam is conducted in English and Hindi.

Exam Pattern and Syllabus Details of UGC NET
The UGC NET exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC). The examination is held twice a year, in June and December. The exam consists of two parts – Part A and Part B.

Part A is common for all candidates and tests the candidate’s general knowledge and research aptitude. Part B tests the candidate’s subject-specific knowledge. Candidates must pass both parts of the examination to be certified.

The syllabus for the UGC NET exam can be found on the NTA website. The syllabus is divided into four sections – General Paper on Teaching and Research Aptitude, Subject Specific Paper I, Subject Specific Paper II, and a General Paper on Contemporary Issues in Education.

The examination pattern for UGC NET is as follows:
The examination will be held in two sessions – morning and afternoon.- Each session will consist of two papers -Paper I and Paper II.- Paper I will be common for all candidates and will test the candidate’s general knowledge and research aptitude.- Paper II will test the candidate’s subject-specific knowledge.- Candidates must pass both papers to be certified.
How to Prepare for the UGC NET Exam?
If you are planning to take the UGC NET Exam, you must prepare for it correctly. Here are some tips on how to prepare for the exam:

Firstly, make sure you know the syllabus and the exam pattern. This will help you understand what topics you must focus on when preparing for the exam.
It is also important to solve as many previous year question papers as possible. This will give you an idea about the type of questions that are asked in the exam and help you improve your problem-solving skills.
Another essential tip is to use study material designed for the UGC NET Exam. This will help you understand the concepts better and make your preparation more effective.
Ensure you allocate enough time for each topic while preparing for the exam. Try to cover only a few topics at a time, as this will lead to confusion and will not be helpful in your preparation.
Finally, take mock tests before appearing for the actual exam. This will help you to get an idea about your level of preparation and will also boost your confidence on the day of the exam.
Tips and Strategies to Crack the UGC NET Exam
Here are some tips and strategies to crack the UGC NET Exam:
Candidates must first understand the structure of the exam and familiarize themselves with the syllabus. Then, they should focus on building a solid foundation in their chosen subject matter.
Candidates should ensure they attempt all sections, as each section counts towards the final score.
Candidates must also practice meditation and yoga to help maintain calmness and focus during the exam.
4. Candidates should also join UGC NET commerce Coaching. Then, you’ll have all the information you need to make an informed decision about your UGC NET preparation.

These tips and strategies will help candidates crack the UGC NET Exam and succeed in their chosen field of study.

School uniform policy

Introduction

The assessment of the debate of whether children should wear school uniform is one that has been in existence for long amid the assertion that schools in the US should adopt a uniform policy. The adoption of the uniforms rules had been considered as a means of stopping children from dressing in gang colors in most of the troubled urban areas. Later, there were assertions that the introduction of school uniforms resulted in the better discipline while the results of these students improved, an issue that encouraged different districts as well as schools to implement the change. However, issues that support the desire not to have uniforms in the school incline me into supporting those who argue against the introduction of the uniform policy.

One of the assertions by the proponents of the school uniform policy is that it leads to the creation of a desirable feeling of belonging to an institution for the students wearing the uniform. The assertion is, however, wrong, as making the wearing of uniforms by the students will only lead to the hampering of the students’ original thinking. Compelling children to subscribe to a certain way of thinking hampers their independence in future, being unable to make their opinions without the assistance of others effectively. Everyone has a right to individuality, making one’s decisions as well as expressing their personality (Wilken, Ilani, & Van Aardt, P 159-184). Compelling children to wear the certain type of clothing thus is an infringement of their right of free expression. The assertion, in this case, is that the protection of the right to free expression is central to the development of the personalities of the young people, and choosing what to wear to should be left within their purview.

The assertion that adopting the policy on school uniforms is going to be a way of ensuring that the students are more focused on their education and not their clothes have been used to support the adoption of the uniform policy. The fact when it comes to the assessment of the issue is that school uniforms have become a means of promoting the element of conformity over the case for individuality. The culture that characterizes the current school environments is that promote the appreciation of the diversity of the children, which implies that the efforts that are geared towards the enforcement of the standardized dress code are a contradiction to this culture (Gentile, Elisabetta, & Imberman, P1-17). Further, the issue of the gendered schools that dictate boys have to wear pants while girls wear skirts, it brings new challenges in a society that is keen in accommodating the transgendered individuals, gender non-conforming as well as the gender fluid students who are left feeling ostracized.

There has been the assertion by the supporters of the policy on school uniforms that they assist in the creation of the leveled playing ground among the students from different background in addition to the reduction of peer pressure and bullying. The assertion has however been found to be flawed in that the adoption of school uniforms does not reduce the cases of bullying and that it has been seen to increase the case of bullying (Mimmo, P4-5). The issue here is that the introduction of the compulsory school uniforms the doubling of fights in the middle schools in the same year. The fact that there does not exist official data supporting the assertion that the introduction of the compulsory uniforms serves to reduce the case of violence in schools further serves to water down the argument of the parties supporting the introduction.

The argument that introducing uniform policy serves to enhance the pride of school, the unity as well as the community spirit. The fact of the matter, however, is that school uniforms fail to address an issue of academic preparedness, school attendance, and the exam results. The overall assertion is that the adoption of the school uniforms does not have any impact on the desire of the students to attend schools, behavioral improvements as well as issues of substance abuse (Brookshire, P6-18. It has become evident through research that school uniforms have no impact on the performance of the second-grade students in mathematics and reading examination, with the case being the same for the 10th-grade mathematics, reading, and history and science examinations.

The further assertion that school uniforms help parents to save money and thus supporting the adoption of the school uniform policy has been negated by the fact that the time that is spent addressing the enforcement of the district the stakeholders from resolving the core issues affecting the schools (Bhembe & Mfanzile, P20.35). The time and resources spent on the assessment of how the policy is going to be implemented only served to detract the concerned parties from the efforts meant to reduce the rates of crime as well as enhance school performance.

Conclusion

The debate on whether the schools should make school uniforms compulsory for all students has been raging for a long time. Proponents of the policy have been working hard to demonstrate the diverse issues that make it necessary to adopt the policy, with reducing of burying, enhancing performance, reduce costs for the parents being among the main issues. It is, however, evident that the policy will produce more harm that the good it is intimated to produce, with most of these assertions used to support its adoption found not to be true.